May 11 2018 – “The Mega Instinct” – ‘A Quantum Theory of the Soul’ – A Short Introduction by Richard W. Symonds [Unfinished]

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“THE MEGA INSTINCT” – “A QUANTUM THEORY OF THE SOUL’
A Short Introduction by Richard W. Symonds

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ABSTRACT
THE Mega Instinct is our primary, governing ‘pilot’ Instinct – the Moral Faculty of the Soul.

This Mega Instinct has a set of 7 Mega Values and 7 Mega Motivations.

There is a ‘Quantum’ correspondence between the 7 Mega Values and the 7 Mega Motivations – a relation of Transcendence-Immanence.

The 7 Values are both other than, and independent of, the 7 Motivations. The Values are also present in the Motivations. express themselves in them, and make them to a considerable extent what they are. The Motivations derive their meaning and existence from the Values, and receive their explanation in terms of those Values.

INTRODUCTION

1. MEGA Theory states we have a two-sided Moral Instinct – “The Mega
Instinct” – one side consisting of 7 Values; the other, 7.
0
Motivations.
2. THE 7 Mega Values correspond with the 7 Mega Motivations
– which are Beauty, Freedom, Happiness, Life, Love Peace and Truth
3. THIS “Pilot” Instinct enables us to discern both the 7 Values
and the corresponding 7 Motivations.
4. THE Mega Instinct is both transcendent and immanent, in the sense that it is transcendent in the 7 Mega Values and immanent within the 7 Mega Motivations.
5. THE Mega Instinct’s 7 Values causally affect the 7 Motivations,, in the sense that the Motivations derive their meaning and existence from the Values, and in terms of which they receive their explanation from those Values.
6. MEGA Theory states the Mega Instinct’s 7 Mega Values in one Order of Reality correspond with the 7 Mega Motivations in another Order of Reality.
7. THERE is a ‘Quantum Bridge’ between the 7 Mega Values and the 7 Mega Motivations – a relation of Transcendence-Immanence.
FRONT COVER (proposed)
INTRODUCTORY QUOTATIONS
Noam Chomsky – MIT Emeritus Professor of Philosophy & Linguistics,
writes :
“The study of human moral nature, within a biological framework, has
developed into a rich and exciting inquiry in recent years…
“Why does everyone take for granted that we don’t learn to grow arms,
but rather, are designed to grow arms ? Similarly, we should conclude
that in the case of the development of moral systems, there’s a
biological endowment which in effect requires us to develop a system of
moral judgement and a theory of justice, if you like, that in fact has
detailed applicability over an enormous range…
“We are, after all, biological organisms – not angels. If humans are
part of the natural world, not supernatural beings, then human
intelligence has its scope and limits, determined by initial design. We
can thus anticipate certain questions will not fall within [our]
cognitive reach, just as rats are unable to run mazes with numerical
properties, lacking the appropriate concepts. Such questions we might
call ‘mysteries-for-humans’, just as some questions pose
‘mysteries-for-rats’. Among these mysteries may be questions we raise,
and others we do not know how to formulate properly or at all…
“We will discover what we can about the nature of the world, and, among
the truths about it, I believe we will find that part of our genetic
capacity, which evolved over millennia, is that CERTAIN MORAL
PRINCIPLES ARE INCORPORATED IN IT; probably genetically determined.
To try to discover them is, of course, a big task…
[David] Hume writes that imagination creates concepts that bind a succession of related objects together, leading us ‘to imagine something unknown and mysterious , connecting the parts…a kind of magical faculty…[that]…is inexplicable by the utmost efforts of human understanding’
In these terms, it should also be possible to reinterpret the rich and illuminating record of thinking about the nature of the soul, though now divorced of the theological conditions…and from the metaphysical framework of earlier years.”
Marc D. Hauser – “Moral Minds” author, writes:
“We evolved a moral instinct, a capacity that naturally grows within
each child, designed to generate rapid judgements about what is morally
right or wrong, based on an unconscious grammar of action.
Part of this machinery was designed by the blind hand of Darwinian
selection, millions of years before our species evolved; other parts
were added or upgraded over the evolutionary history of our species,
and are unique both to humans and to our moral psychology.These ideas
draw on insights from another instinct : language.”
Sir John Eccles – “Evolution of the Brain, Creation of the Self, p.
241″, writes :
I maintain that the human mystery is incredibly demeaned by scientific
reductionism, with its claim in promissory materialism to account
eventually for all of the spiritual world in terms of patterns of
neuronal activity. This belief must be classed as a superstition. . . .
we have to recognize that we are spiritual beings with souls existing
in a spiritual world as well as material beings with bodies and brains
existing in a material world”
H. Maurice Relton, in “Some Postulates of a Christian Philosophy” [1925], quotes Wilfrid Ewart’s ‘Way of Revelation’ at the start of his book – through the character of Lady Knoyle:
“To believe in God, a God to look up to – something – to believe in a divine purpose and a hereafter  – this is not a science or religion or metaphysics or philosophy; it is instinct – truth.”
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1.1 THIS book proposal is the outcome of research into the moral
faculty, values and motivations, and brings together the disciplines of
moral philosophy, philosophy of mind, theology, psychology, axiology
and etiology.
Why is our consciousness ‘soaked’ in the moral – like the air we
breathe ?
Why is our life ‘soaked’ in the moral – at home, at work, on television
& radio news, in documentaries, films, newspapers & magazines ?
Why is politics, business, science, religion, language, literature,
music, psychology, philosophy all ‘soaked’ in the moral ?
If the above questions have been asked, and understood, the Mega
Instinct is at work.
CHAPTER 2
WHAT’S THE BIG IDEA ?
2.1 THE Mega Instinct is our primary Instinct which houses the Soul.
2.2 THE writer weaves together the core ideas of such figures as Plato,
Alexander Sutherland, CEM Joad, Abraham Maslow, John Eccles, Goetz
Taliaferro, Marc Hauser and John Mikhail to arrive at this new approach
to the Moral Faculty and the Soul.
The writer also has a conviction that a greater understanding of these
ideas is a critical pre-condition for humanity’s survival.
By using tightly-connected arguments to a set of conclusions, the book
proposal analyses the idea that our Moral Instinct is the primary
instinct, and also the moral core of the Soul.
2.3 AIMS
(1) Combine and synthesize a naturalistic, evolutionary approach to
motivation, with a form of moral realism – maintaining the objectivity
of values.
(2) Weave together a comprehensive and coherent account of motivation
and value, from a wide variety of disciplines – while sensitive to
scientific and philosophical disputes.
(3) Revive the philosophical contribution of CEM Joad, whose final and
seminal works on moral philosophy have been unduly neglected.
(3) Identify the principles governing the Moral Instinct – with its 7
Mega Values & Mega Motivations
(4) Revolutionize Moral Philosophy (Ethics), Philosophy of Mind
(Consciousness & Cognition), Psychology (Moral Psychology) and Biology
(Neuro Biology).
2.4 PURPOSE
The purpose of this book proposal is straightforward. It seeks to show
that within this Mega Instinct there is a set of 7 subjective moral
motivations in our internal world (Mind and Body), which correlate with
a set of 7 objective moral values in the external world (Soul).
The writer offers a speculative account of how moral consciousness may
arise from an interaction of 7 values & 7 motivations.
One of the more controversial claims of the writer is that this Mega
Instinct may not only be Consciousness, but may also what philosophers
call the ‘Qualia’; that which has an independent existence in the
External World – the main argument being that the properties attributed
to the ‘Qualia’ relate to the principles of both values and motivations.
The writer claims our Mega Instinct holds certain moral principles
about the world, and that this is the only reason we are morally
conscious.
Research subsequent to this book suggests a thread of moral theory
which goes back for centuries.
A key philosophical method outlined in the book is the ‘Anselm Acid
Test’, which claims that our Mega Instinct, rightly conceived, helps us
to discover – in simple steps – what we value, what motivates us – and
why.
The writer ambitiously confronts such questions as :
Do the 7 motivations have an evolutionary origin ? If so, what is it?
In what sense are the 7 objective values objective?
How & why do the 7 values match the 7 motivations?
How does the correlation of Values & Motivations explain, and result
in, intentional
action?
How is it explained when the correlation of values to motivations
fails, and people
intentionally act contrary to the 7 values?
What specifically are the 7 Mega Values & 7 Mega Motivations?
The book proposal concludes by suggesting a greater understanding of
this Moral Faculty is a critical pre-condition for humanity’s survival
in the 21st century.
CHAPTER 3
CEM JOAD – THE MORAL INSTINCT AS “PERSONALITY” OR “THE SOUL”
THE ‘TRANSCENDENCE-IMMANENCE FORMULA’ (“THE TI TEST”)
The Sonata Illustration
3.1.1 “CONSIDER the movement of a sonata.
It is a collection of musical sounds, notes and phrases which science
analyses into vibrations in the atmosphere.
Such analysis does not, however, give a complete account of it; for it
is also a series of notes and phrases arranged in a particular pattern.
This pattern prescribes the order in which the notes are arranged , and
the intervals between them.
The pattern is imposed by the mind of the composer .
The sounds, as arranged in the pattern, are at once the expression and
the embodiment of the musical idea which the composer conceives.
3.1.2 “MANY would say that the sounds, as arranged in the patterns,
constitute a unity or a whole.
In using such an expression they would, I think, wish to imply, first,
that the whole is more than the arithmetical sum total of the different
sounds; secondly, that the sounds, when heard in the context of the
whole are, precisely because of their relation to the whole and to one
another, different from what they would have been, if they were taken
out of their context and heard in isolation.
3.1.3 “IT is because of the immanence of the musical idea that the
sounds are arranged as they are, and sound as they do.
If it were not immanent, the arrangement would not occur, and the
sounds would sound differently.
Nevertheless, most people would agree, the immanent idea is not
exhausted or used up by any one embodiment of it in a particular set of
sounds.
3.1.4 “FOR a musical idea is more than any particular rendering of it,
more, indeed, than any number of renderings of it.
It would still exist in the composer’s mind, even if the music which
embodied it were never written down.
This could be put by saying that it transcends the renderings of it.
The Personality Illustration
3.1.5 “CONSIDER now a personality.
It is interesting, first, to consider the account which the sciences
might give of a personality.
Of its different ingredients the sciences have, indeed, much to tell us.
Each separate aspect of a human being is assigned to a special science,
and of this aspect the relevant science purports to give a reasonably
full account.
We will suppose that these various accounts are drawn up and colllated.
3.1.6 “WE will imagine ourselves to begin with the physiological
account in terms of tubes and pipes, nerves and bones and blood vessels.
These, presumably, can be analysed into their chemical compounds, and
there will be, therefore, a chemical account in terms of molecules and
elements.
These, again, can be analysed in terms of their atomic constituents and
to the chemist’s, therefore we must add the physicist’s account.
3.1.7 “THERE is also the psychologist’s accounts of a man’s
consciousness in terms of mental events, images, sensations and so
forth, with special departmental accounts such as the behaviorist’s, in
terms of language habits and and conditioned reflexes, and the
psychoanalyst’s in terms of unconscious desire and promptings of the
libido.
3.1.8 “FROM other points of view, there is the ‘economic man’ and there
is the ‘median man’ of the statistician; there is a man from the
standpoint of the biologist , and man as he appears to the
anthropologist.
3.1.9 “Each of these accounts could in theory be made accurate and
complete – complete, that is to say, so far as it goes; yet each would
be couched in different terms.
To say that no one of these accounts conveys the whole truth about a
man, but describes only some particular aspect of him which has been
selected for special attention, would be to state a commonplace.
The Personality as the Soul – “Personality Plus”
3.1.10 “BUT we can go further.
Let us suppose that all the different accounts, the physiological, the
chemical, the physical, the psychological, the behaviouristic, the
psychoanalytical, the economic, the statistical, the biological, and
the anthropological were collated, supplemented with other accurate but
partial accounts, and worked up into a comprehensive survey, they would
still fail to constitute the THE truth about a man.
3.1.11 “AND they would fail to do this, not because some particular
piece of information had been left out, or some particular point of
view forgotten – for no matter how complete the collection of
scientific accounts might be, the truth would still elude them – but
because they would remain only a set of separate accounts of different
parts or aspects; and a man is more than the different parts of aspects
which are ingredients of him.
True knowledge of a man is not, in other words, the sum-total of the
complete and accurate accounts of all his different aspects, even if
these accounts could be made exhaustive.
3.1.12 “TRUE knowledge is, or at least includes, knowledge of the man
as a whole.
To know a man as a whole is to know him as a personality, for a
personality is the whole which, while it integrates all the parts and
so includes them within itself is, nevertheless, something over and
above their sum.
Now to know a man as a personality is to know him in a manner of which
science takes no cognisance.
It is to know him as a friend (an individual?)
3.1.13 “THE whole personality is, then, more than the sum of the parts
upon whose combination, according to the account given by the sciences,
it supervenes.
3.1.14 “BUT SUPPOSE THAT TO THINK OF THE PERSONALITY AS RESULTING FROM
THE CONCURRENCE OF A NUMBER OF PARTS WAS MISLEADING FROM THE FIRST.
SUPPOSE THAT THE PERSONALITY IS LOGICALLY PRIOR, AND THAT THE PARTS
DERIVE FROM IT, IN THE SENSE THAT IT IS IN THE PARTS THAT IT EXPRESSES
ITSELF, AND FINDS ITS EMBODIMENT.
3.1.15 “AND first, in the bodily part : a man’s mouth, we would say,
tells the discerning observer much about the man; if he is happy,
good-tempered, cheerful, the corners of his mouth tend to turn up; if
gloomy, irritable, depressed, down.
3.1.16 “A man’s nature, again, is thought to be expressed in his smile.
It is charming, friendly, sweet or hypocritical.
3.1.17 “OR, a man’s nature is expressed in, and deducible from, a
grooved forehead and lines about the eyes; the eyes, we say, are the
windows of the soul.
3.1.18 “THERE are refinements in these matter.
Thus Shaw talks of the wide spreading nostrils of the dramatic orator,
and the long upper lip of the comedian.
Even a man’s gait, confident and jaunty, or drooping and dragging,
tells us something about his nature.
3.1.19 “IT is expressed, secondly, in his psychological life.
HIS MOODS , TEMPERS, HOPES AND FEARS, ARE ALL, PSYCHOLOGY TEACHES,
EXPRESSIONS OF A CERTAIN TYPE OF NATURE. THEY DO NOT CONSTITUTE THE
NATURE, THEY ARE THE WAYS IN WHICH IT SHOWS ITSELF.
3.1.20 “ALL these are ways of expressing the truth that the personality
is IMMANENT in the ‘parts’, IMMANENTin the bodlily behaviour , IMMANENT
in the psychological moods.
The ‘parts’, as in the case of the other illustrations, are what they
are because of their relation to one another, and to the IMMANENT whole
which expresses itself in them.
3.1.21 “IN the case of this illustration, it is hard to think of the
‘parts’ as existing separately from the informing personality.
In so far as they can be conceived of as doing so, they would, it is
obvious, be different in isolation from what they are in the context of
the personality.
3.1.22 “CHRISTIANITY regards the whole, which I have been calling the
personality, as an immortal soul which will survive the break-up of the
body, even if it did not precede its formation.
3.1.23 “IF this is true, there is a sense in which the personality is
more than its expressions, both in the body and the psyche, so that
besides being IMMANENT, it is also TRANSCENDENT.”
CEM Joad – Christian Philosopher
3.1.24 CYRIL Edwin Mitchinson Joad made a highly original contribution
to philosophy – albeit late in life – that of Christian
Philosophy; a valuable contribution almost entirely disregarded in the
late 20th
Century. CEM Joad said in 1943 – in characteristic, ebullient style –
“If you object that Christ was not a
philosopher, I can only beg you to wait until you know as much
philosophy as I do before venturing to contradict.”
3.1.25 JOAD wrote ‘The Recovery of Belief – A Restatement of Christian
Philosophy’, a year before his death. In this, he clearly explains with
great originality, his Christian ‘Transcendence- Immanence’ Theory of
the Universe.
Joad’s Christian Theory of the Nature of Values
3.1.26 JOAD adhered to the ‘philosophia perennis’, which affirms that
Values areObjective not Subjective, and can reduce themselves to Truth,
Goodness and Beauty.
These three Values are “OBJECTIVE in the sense that they are found by
the human mind – found as ‘given’ in things – and not projected into
things or
contributed to them by our own minds, and ULTIMATE, in the sense that
whatever we
value can be shown to be valued because of the relation of the thing
valued to
some one or other of the three Values. Thus, while other things are
valued as
means to one or other of these three, they are valued as ends in
themselves.
3.1.27 JOAD again : “Moreover, these Values are not just arbitrary,
pieces of cosmic
furniture lying about, as it were, in the universe without explanation,
coherence
or connection, but are revelations of a unity that underlies them; are,
in
fact, the ways in which God reveals Himself to Man. Hence, those human
activities which consist in, or which arise out of, the pursuit of
Truth, the
cultivation of moral goodness, or the creation and enjoyment of Beauty,
are such
that we cannot help but value and revere them.”
3.1.28 “WHAT we call the Values – and it is under this term that the
Forms
may, I think, be most appropriately referred to in respect of their
most
outstanding manifestations, as Truth, Goodness and Beauty – are the
modes of God’s
revelation of His Nature to man. For if this is indeed the case, the
revelation must be regarded as the IMMANENCE of a TRANSCENDENT Being in
a medium
which, though it manifests, is itself other than, the Being manifested.
3.1.29 “NOW, we cannot, I suggest, expect to achieve a ‘know-how’ of
the mode of
manifestation of a Divine Being …”
The Soul (or Personality) as the Mega Instinct – The Mega Instinct as
Consciousness
3.2. MEGA THEORY STATES THAT WHAT CEM JOAD CALLS THE PERSONALITY, OR
SOUL, IS THE MEGA INSTINCT
3.3 THE Mega Instinct, as defined, is our Soul – a moral instinct of 7
values and motivations.
This book proposal therefore directly impacts on Moral Philosophy
(Meta-Ethics), Philosophy of Mind (Consciousness), Axiology (Values) &
Etiology (Motivations).
It aims to connect a set of 7 innate motivations with a set of 7
intrinsic values.
These motivations and values are specified, and then cross-connected.
3.4 THERE are Two Orders of Reality – the Internal World and the
External World.
The Mega Instinct resides in – and bridges – both the Internal and
External Worlds, being both immanent within the Internal World by way
of the Mega Instinct, but also transcendent of it in the External World.
The book synthesises the work of CEM Joad (The Soul/Transcendence & Its
Personality/Immanence), John Eccles ‘The Self/Soul & Its Brain/Body),
Noam Chomsky, Marc Hauser, Abraham Maslow and Others.
The book thus provides a compelling Moral Theory of Consciousness –
“The Moral Instinct Theory”.
3.5 WE are moral beings – which uniquely separates us from other
species. Our lives are ‘soaked’ in the moral – we live and breathe it.
Moral values & motivations cannot be ’emptied’ from language.
‘Draining out’ the moral puts humanity’s sanity seriously at risk.
Therefore, moral primacy is a pre-condition for humanity’s survival.
Our Mega Instinct thus becomes a critical part of humanity’s survival
for the 21st century – and beyond.
3.6 MEGA Theory states if anyone understands the above (.1.1.1/2), then
they have just used their Mega Instinct …….. A Moral Sense with the
capability of governing all other
senses (& instincts).
3.7 MONKEYS would be hard-pressed to understand this – a
fact of language acquisition, which serves to illustrate the uniqueness
of Man and his
Humanity (& Moral Instinct).
3.8 THE Principles of the Moral Faculty and the Soul – The Individual
(a) “Treat others as you would like others to treat you” (‘The Golden
Rule’)(Reciprocity)
(b) “Act only according to that maxim whereby you can, at the same
time, will that it should become a universal law.”(Kant’s ‘Categorical
Imperative’)
(c) “People should be free to do as they want (the liberty principle),
as long as they don’t harm others (the harm principle)”.
(JS Mill’s ‘Moral Utilitarianism’)
3.9 THE Principles of the Moral Faculty and the Soul – The Society
(a) The American Declaration – 1776
1. Life
2. Liberty
3. Pursuit of Happiness
(b) The French Declaration – 1789
1. Liberte!
2. Egalite!
3. Fraternite!
(c) The United Nations Declaration – 1948
1. Life
2. Liberty
3. Security of Person
(d) Chomsky & The 3 Preconditions For Humanity’s Survival
1. Freedom – Liberty
2. Justice
3. Compassion
CHAPTER 4
SO WHAT ?
4.1 DARWIN’S old Theory of Evolution (& the monolithic body of
knowledge which has now grown out of it) is challenged by Mega Instinct
Theory – Galileo-style.
4.2 MEGA Theory fundamentally changes the way we see Our Selves, and
our place in the Universe – just as Galileo fundamentally changed the
way we saw Our Selves on Earth, in relation to the Sun.
4.3 MAN is not just a Human (Animal) Being; Man is also a Moral
(Spiritual) Being.
It is the human difference.
4.4 NEWTON’S Theory was ground-breaking – like Darwin’s – but it was
replaced by a
better one – Einstein’s Relativity Theory. And so with Mega Theory.
4.5 MEGA Instinct Theory corresponds with the truth, and has a greater
‘ring of truth’ than the Theories of Darwin, Freud, Skinner, or Dawkins.
4.6 THE Theory’s foundation is primarily one of philosophy (eg Plato,
Kant, Joad, Chomsky & Rawls), although it clearly impacts on other
disciplines, such as Psychology, Biology, Neuro-Biology & Linguistics
(eg Abraham ‘Metamotivations’ Maslow, Marc ‘Moral Minds’ Hauser, John
‘The Self’ Eccles & Noam ‘Language Faculty’ Chomsky).
4.7 MEGA Theory is designed to revolutionise how we look at ourselves –
no longer ‘Animal Man’ (eg Darwin, Freud, Skinner) but Moral Man.
CHAPTER 5
WHAT IS MEGA INSTINCT THEORY SPECIFICALLY ABOUT ?
5.1 THIS Theory is about The Mega Instinct; a Moral Instinct, made up
of 7 Mega Values (or Mega Motivations), which makes us uniquely & fully
human; a controlling Instinct which is both immanent within – and
transcendent of – all our other instincts.
5.2 THE Theory shows how we use our Mega Instinct to discover what we
value – and what motivates us – by applying The Anselm Acid Test.
5.3 WE are uniquely endowed with a Mega Instinct – a moral instinct
made up of 7 Values/Motivations – which is both immanent within, and
transcendent of, all other instincts.
5.4 MEGA Theory states there are seven moral structures , hard-wired
within the Mega Instinct; the controlling moral instinct which is both
immanent within – and transcendent of – all other instincts within our
biology (or Plato’s ‘soul’, mind & body, personality,
psyche….)
5.5 THIS Theory of Moral Realism stands in direct opposition to Moral
Relativism.
5.6 WITHOUT this Mega Instinct, we would have made ourselves extinct
many thousands of years ago.
5.7 THOSE in power who seek to control us know they have to control our
Mega Instinct. If we regain and reclaim control of this Instinct, they
no longer have that power or control over us – or less so.
CHAPTER 6
WHAT ARE THE MAIN AIMS & OBJECTIVES – AND PURPOSE – FOR THIS MEGA
THEORY?
6.1 TO produce a practical philosophy textbook on Moral Consciousness,
‘up & running’ by the Stedham Festival of Thought 2013 – to mark the
60th Anniversary of CEM Joad (1891-1953) – author of
Transcendence-Immanence Theory.
6.2 TO establish a Moral Theory which will vanquish the obsolete
philosophy of Moral Relativism, and revolutionise & radically transform
the philosophy of Moral Realism.
6.3 TO create a ground-breaking Moral Theory, to be considered one of
the most important contributions to the revolution in Humanities &
Social Sciences – especially Philosophy & Psychology – in the early
21st century.
6.4 TO help spark a revolution in philosophy through ‘The Mega
Instinct” idea, challenging the ‘Relativist’ approach of Wittgenstein &
The Vienna School; the dominant
idealogy underlying Western culture for the last 70 years.
6.5 TO help spark a revolution in psychology, biology & the social
sciences, through his Mega Motivation Theory – a ‘by-product’ of Mega
Theory – by challenging (& vanquishing) the ‘scientific management’
approach to behaviour; the dominant corporate idealogy which prevailed
in the late 20th century – and still does.
6.6 TO help influence many other related disciplines, by establishing
The Gatwick School of Philosophy – a school of thought in which Mega
Theory can provide ‘cutting-edge’ solutions to 21st century problems.
6.7 TO show that a greater understanding, and application, of Mega
Theory will be a critical pre-condition to Humanity’s survival in the
21st century.
CHAPTER 7
WHAT IS THIS THEORY DOING BETTER THAN OTHER RELATED THEORIES ?
7.1 CHOMSKY’s Language Theory, Pinker’s “Language Instinct”, Hauser’s
“Moral Minds” & Maslow’s ‘Metamotivations’ are firmly rooted in our
biology & psychology.
7.2 “MEGA Instinct” Theory – with CEM Joad’s ‘Transcendence-Immanence’
– is rooted firmly both in our biology & psychology (immanent within)
and outside of them (transcendent of)…”unboundedness”.
7.3 NOAM Chomsky has written : We are after all biological organisms
not angels . . . If humans are part of the natural world, not
supernatural beings, then human intelligence has its scope and limits,
determined by initial design. We can thus anticipate certain questions
will not fall within [our] cognitive reach, just as rats are unable to
run mazes with numerical properties, lacking the appropriate concepts.
Such questions, we might call ‘mysteries-for-human’, just as some
questions pose ‘mysteries-for-rats’. Among these mysteries may be
questions we raise, and others we do not know how to formulate properly
or at all…
We will discover what we can about the nature of the world, and, among
the truths about it, I believe we will find that part of our genetic
capacity, which evolved over millennia, is that CERTAIN MORAL
PRINCIPLES ARE INCORPORATED IN IT; probably genetically determined.
To try to discover them is, of course, a big task.
7.4 THE Mega Instinct is rooted both in our biology (immanent within)
and beyond it (transcendent of).
7.5 THE 7 Mega Values (or Mega Motivations) are represented by the 7
Colours of the Rainbow – and form the major part of the book.
7.6 THE Mega Instinct is not only biologically immanent, it is also
transcendent – and controls (or can control) all other instincts.
7.7 IT is both Theory & Practice combined. We use our Mega Instinct to
discover what
we ultimately value, & what ultimately motivates us – by applying The
Anselm Acid Test.
CHAPTER 8
THE MEGA INSTINCT & ITS 7 MEGA VALUES & 7 MEGA MOTIVATIONS
The Anselm Acid Test (“The AA Test”)
8.1 HOW to apply the Theory to Practice:
8.2 APPLY The Anselm Acid Test to discover what motivates us (& why),
and to discover what we most value (& why) – using our Mega Instinct
(“If we don’t use it, we lose it”).
8.3 THE 7 Mega Values & 7 Mega Motivations
1 – BEAUTY (RED)
(i) Beauty – The Quotations
Aesthetics
Artistry
Awe
Creativity
Fulfilment
Grace
Innocence
Inspiration
Melody
Music & Dance
Perfection
Purity
Style
Wholeness
Wonder
(ii) Beauty – The Analysis
(a) “Emma Johnson (Clarinettist) walks onto a concert platform, and
suddenly transforms herself into an expressive instrument of sublime
beauty” – The Guardian
(Source : Crawley Hawth Theatre – August/September/October 2012
Programme – Sat 20 October – Royal Philharmonic Orchestra – Emma
Johnson plays Mozart, Schubert & Beethoven – Page 12 & 20)
(b) “A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the
Sublime and Beautiful”
(Oxford World’s Classics) (Paperback)
Edmund Burke, Adam Phillips
“I’m gratified you’re keeping Burke’s text on the Sublime available in
an inexpensive edition. Thanks again for keeping it easily accessible.
It is a major document not only for the post-modern and avant-garde
discussion of the sublime, but also for gender theory.”–Leonard L.
Duroche, University of Minnesota
Product Description
An eloquent and sometimes even erotic book, the Philosophical Enquiry
was long dismissed as a piece of mere juvenilia. However, Burke’s
analysis of the relationship between emotion, beauty, and art form is
now recognized as not only an important and influential work of
aesthetic theory, but also one of the first major works in European
literature on the Sublime, a subject that has fascinated thinkers from
Kant and Coleridge to the philosophers and critics of today. This is
the only available edition of the work.
(c) Library of the Greatest Beauty
The Mega Library of the Mittyan World
2 – FREEDOM (ORANGE)
(i) Freedom – The Quotations
“Be Yourself”
Choices
Control
Decisions
Autocracy
Democracy
Freedoms & Rights
Identity
Independence
Individuality
Influence
Judgements
Liberty
“The spark of liberty in the mind and spirit of man cannot be long
extinguished; it will break into flames that will destroy every
coercion which seems to limit it” ~ Herbert Hoover (1874 – 1964),
American mining engineer, humanitarian and administrator; 31st
president of the USA (1929 – 33)
Perceptions
Power
Responsibilities & Duties
Self-Expression
Space
Territory
Uniqueness
(ii) Freedom – The Analysis
“The secret of happiness is freedom, and the secret of freedom is
courage.” ~ Thucydides (circa 460 – 400 BC), Greek historian
“Liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without
faith.” ~ Alexis de Tocqueville (1805 – 59), French political thinker
and historian
3 – HAPPINESS (YELLOW)
(i) Happiness – The Quotations
Confidence
Desire
Entertainment
Enthusiasm
Fun
Humour
Hope
Joy
Laughter
Playful
Pleasure
Satisfaction
(ii) Happiness – The Analysis
(Source : “The Republic” by Plato – Translated by Desmond Lee. With an
Introduction by Melissa Lane – Penguin Classics-Pearson 2007)
Page 40 – Part 1 (Book 1)
“This section claims to prove that the just man is happier than the
just.
Similarly at 361d, Glaucon asks Socrates to answer the question whether
the just or unjust man is happier; and the theme of happiness will
recur throughout the dialogue, as eg on 419-421c.
THE COMMON GREEK WORD FOR ‘HAPPY’ (EUDAIMON) HAS OVERTONES RATHER
DIFFERENT FROM THOSE OF THE ENGLISH WORD.
It implies less an immediate state of mind or feeling (‘I feel happy
today’), than a more permanent condition of life or disposition of
character; something between prosperity and integration of personality,
though of course feeling is involved too”.
4 – LIFE (GREEN)
(1) Life – The Quotations
Awareness
Aliveness
“Buzz”
Consciousness, Sub-Consciousness & Unconsciousness
Courage
Dreams
Drives
Energy
Excitement
Goals
Growth
Health
Healing
Hunger & Thirst – Food & Drink
Incentives – eg Money
Instinct(s)
Intuition
Light
Motion
Needs
Profit
Rhythm
Risk
Self-Preservation
Senses x 5
Sex, Attraction, “Fancy”
Sleep & Dreams
Sound
Survival
Thrill
Vitality
Wants
Well-Being
Zest
(ii) Life – The Analysis
5 – LOVE (LIGHT BLUE)
(i) Love – The Quotations
Acceptance
Approval
Belonging
Compassion & Understanding
Dignity
Esteem
Friendship
Goodness
Goodwill
Grace
Importance
Kindness
Like
Patience
Pride
Respect
Selflessness
Self-Worth & Worthiness
Significance
Status
Socialising
Teamwork
Understanding
Valued
Warmth
viewtopic.php?f=13&t=993
“A big guy with a big heart…generous, gentle, and very kind. He
exuded warmth and love from his whole being” (Of Big Jim Sullivan –
1941-2012)
Worshipped
(ii) Love – The Analysis
6 – PEACE (DARK BLUE)
(i) Peace – The Quotations
Agreement
Consensus
Balance
Calmness
Comfort
Cooperation
Harmony
Protection
Reconciliation
Relaxation
Rest
Safety
Security
Serenity
Stability
(ii) Peace – The Analysis
“Peace hath her victories, no less renowned than war”
~ John Milton (1608 – 74), English Poet and Politician
(Hat-Tip : Paul)
7 – TRUTH (PURPLE)
(i) Truth – The Quotations
Belief
Certainty
Education
Facts
Fairness
Faith
Honesty
Integrity
Jurisprudence
Justice
Justness
Knowledge & Understanding
Law
Meaning
Moral & Ethical
Purpose
Reality
Trust
(ii) Truth – The Analysis
CHAPTER 9
THE MEGA INSTINCT & ITS 7 MEGA VALUES & 7 MEGA MOTIVATIONS
THE PRACTICE
9.1 MEGA THEORY states we are uniquely endowed with a Mega Instinct – a
moral instinct made up of seven Mega Motivations (or Mega Values) –
which is both immanent within, and transcendent of, all other instincts
9.2 MEGA THEORY also states these seven Mega Values exist objectively
and independently of the human mind (Moral Realism) – and our
subjective actions, thoughts, ideas and beliefs discover (rather than
create) those moral Values eg Plato’s Recollection Theory.
9.3 MEGA THEORY states these seven Values are objectively real – such
as Truth, Beauty and Love – and we are subjectively conscious of these
Values through our Mega Instinct – a kind of ‘Seventh Sense’.
Tarski’s Correspondence Theory of Truth, Popper’s Scientific Method and
Joad’s Immanence-Transcendence (IT) Theory, are closely associated with
this Mega Theory – along with Chomsky’s Theory of Language Acquisition.
9.4 MEGA THEORY states we are motivated by seven perennial Values (Mega
Motivations), of which we can conceive of nothing greater (&
de-motivated by their absence) :
1. Beauty (No Beauty)
2. Freedom (No Freedom)
3. Happiness (No Happiness)
4. Life (No Life)
5. Love (No Love)
6. Peace (No Peace)
7. Truth (No Truth)
9.5 MEGA THEORY states we are motivated by that which we most value.
If we discover what we value, we will discover what motivates us. ‘The
Anselm Acid Test’ is used to discover what we most value; and thus we
can discover what motivates us.
9.6 MEGA THEORY is based on a simple idea – so simple it can look like
a truism
WE ARE MOTIVATED BY THAT WHICH WE VALUE – WE VALUE THAT WHICH MOTIVATES
US
WE ARE MEGA MOTIVATED BY THAT WHICH WE MOST VALUE – WE VALUE MOST THAT
WHICH MEGA MOTIVATES US
9.7 IT is critical for us, therefore, to understand what motivates us,
and why. Equally, it is critical to understand what we most value.
9.8 MEGA THEORY, in practice, states we discover what motivates us the
most, and what we most value, by simply applying the Anselm Acid Test –
using our Moral Instinct – by asking ourselves the following
questions…in other words, we are using & applying our Moral Instinct
when we ask this Anselm Acid Test Question :
“In my mind, can I conceive of anything more important, or greater than
…. ?” (Insert any word you consider important eg health, wealth,
security etc)
9.9 WE will find that our chosen words will fall eventually into one or
other of these seven ‘baskets’ (with some occasional overlap)
Our Mega Instinct will naturally put these ‘baskets’ – the seven Mega
Values (or Mega Motivations) which make up our Mega Instinct.
CHAPTER 10
CONCLUSION
10.1 THE Mega Instinct is the medium through which we think for
ourselves, freely and clearly.
10.2 RECLAIMING this Instinct and making it our own (no-one else’s) – a
difficult task – will be a critical pre-condition for Humanity’s
survival in the 21st Century.
10.3 A GREATER understanding of our moral consciousness, and its mega
instinct, is a critical pre-condition for humanity’s survival and
well-being in the 21st century.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Atmanspacher, H. & Fuchs, C.A. (Imprint Academic 2014). “The Pauli-Jung Conjecture”
Axelrod, R. (1984). “The Evolution of Cooperation”.
Bering, J. (Nicholas Brealey 2011). “The God Instinct”.
Broackes, J. (Oxford University Press 2012). “Iris Murdoch, Philosopher
– A Collection of Essays”.
Chomsky, N. (2000). “On Nature and Language”.
Chomsky, N. (2017). “What Kind of Creatures Are We?”.
Cogswell, D. (Writers & Readers 1996). “Chomsky For Beginners”.
Darwin, C. (1958). “The Morality of Evolution”.
Eagleman, D. (Pantheon 2015). “The Brain”
Eccles, J. (Springer-Verlag 1994). “How The Self Controls Its Brain”.
Goetz, S. & Taliaferro C. (Wiley-Blackwell 2011), “A Brief History of
the Soul”
Haidt, J. (Psychological Review 108 – 2001), “The Emotional Dog and Its Rational Tail : A Social Intuitionist approach to Moral Judgement”
Hauser, M.D. (Ecco 2006). “Moral Minds – How Nature Designed Our
Universal Sense Of Right and Wrong”.
Hauser, M.D. (In Preparation). “Evilicious – Explaining Our Evolved
Taste For Being Bad”.
Institute of Moralogy. “Moralogy”.
Joad, C.E.M. (Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner 1926). “The Babbitt Warren” –
CEMJ analyses America by Plato’s Forms : Truth, Beauty & Goodness.
Joad, C.E.M. (First published Victor Gollancz 1938. Reprint Greenwood
1969). “Guide to Moral and Political Philosophy”.
Joad, C.E.M. (1940). “Appeal to Philosophers”. Proceedings of the
Aristotelian Society, London.
Joad, C.E.M. (Faber & Faber 1952). “Recovery of Belief – A Restatement
of Christian Philosophy”.
Joad, C.E.M. (First published 1944. Last reprint 1971). “Teach Yourself
Philosophy”.
Joad, C.E.M. (First published 1925)(1928?). Reprint Taylor &
Francis-Routledge 2008). “Thrasymachus – The Future of Morals”.
Joad, C.E.M. (First published 1926)(1928?). Reprint Taylor &
Francis-Routledge 2008). “Diogenes – The Future of Leisure”.
Lakoff, G. “Moral Politics”.
Liangkang, NI (Higher Education Press & Springer-Verlag 2009). “Moral
Instinct and Moral Judgement”.
Magee, B. (Fontana 1982). “Popper”
Main, R. (2007). “Revelations of Change – Synchronicity as Spiritual Experience” (p. 53-55).
Maslow, A. “Toward a Psychology of Being”.
Maslow, A. (Penguin 1977). “Beyond The Farther Reaches Of Human Nature”.
Mikhail, J.M. (2006). “Rawls’ Linguistic Analogy” and “Universal Moral
Grammar” (2007)
Oddie, G. (Oxford University Press 2005). “Value, Reality, and Desire”.
Peters, R.S. (George Allen & Unwin 1966). “Ethics and Education”.
Pinker, S. (Morrow 1994). “The Language Instinct”.
Pinker, S. (1994). “The Moral Instinct” – Magazine Article.
Plato, “Meno”.
Plato, (Oxford University Press 2008). “Republic”.
Polkinghorne, J. (OUP 2002). “Quantum Theory – A Very Short Introduction”
Polkinghorne, J. (SPCK 2007). “Quantum Physics and Theology”
Rawls, J. (1971). “A Theory of Justice”.
Rawls, J. (2001). “Justice as Fairness”.
Rosenblum & Kuttner (Duckworth 2007). “Quantum Enigma – Physics Encounters Consciousness”.
Schopenhauer, A. (1897). “The Moral Instinct : Essays on Human Nature”.
Searle, J. (Oxford University Press 2004). “Mind – A Brief
Introduction”.
Shafer-Landau, R. (Oxford University Press 2003), “Moral Realism – A
Defence”.
Singer, P. (1993). “Practical Ethics”.
Stella, T. (Sorin 2001). “The God Instinct”.
Stevenson, L. (Oxford University Press 1987). “Seven Theories Of Human
Nature”
Sutherland, A. (Longmans, Green & Co 1898). “The Origin and Growth of
the Moral Instinct” (Vols 1 & 2)
Swinburne, R. (Oxford University Press 1986). “The Evolution of the
Soul”
Tarlaci, S. (Nova 2014). “NeuroQuantology – Quantum Physics in the Brain”
Urmson, J.D. & Ree, J. (Routledge 1992). “The Concise Encyclopedia of
Western Philosophy and Philisophers”.
Widdows, H. “The Moral Vision of Iris Murdoch”.
APPENDIX
Appendix 1 – An Evolutionary History Of The Moral Instinct –
Motivations, Values & Consciousness
1400 BC (circa)
Egyptian Empire – Hierachical Model of the World – Philosophers,
Divines & Theologians
Genesis ‘Breath of Life’ Theory – Bible – Moses
“God…breathed…the Breath of Life, and Man became a living Soul” –
Genesis 2 : 7
700 BC (circa)
Greek Empire – Hedonistic/Mathematical Model of the World
“Prime Mover” Theory – Epimenides
“In God we live and move and have our Being” – Acts 17 : 28
400 BC (circa)
Greek Empire
“Personality” Theory – Hippocrates
1. Choleric 2. Sanguine 3. Phlegmatic 4. Melancholic
347 BC (circa)
Greek Empire
“Three Part Whole/Trinity” Theory – Plato
1. Appetite 2. Reason 3. Spirit
100 AD (circa)
Roman Empire – Hierachical/Hedonistic Model of the World
“Three Part Whole/Trinity” Theory – Irenaeus
1. Body 2. Soul 3. Spirit
200 AD (circa)
Roman Empire
“Spirit” Theory – Galen
1. Natural Spirit 2. Vital Spirit 3. Animal Spirit
British Empire & “The West” – Hierachical/Scientific/Materialistic
Model of the World – Scientists, Psychologists, Sociologists
Instinct, Urge & Drive Theories (Mind = Body)
1900’s (Early 20th century)
British Empire
“Evolution” Theory – Darwin. A biological, evolutionary theory of Man’s
Human nature – as Animal nature.
“Unconscious Instinct & Urge” Theory – Freud – Id, Ego, Super Ego,
Alter Ego, Libido, Unconscious, Sub-Conscious
“Instinct” Theory – McDougall
“Drive” Theory – Woodworth
Balance, Equilibrium, Equity & Dissonance Theories (Body + Mind)
1900-1999 AD (Mid to Late 20th century)
British & American Empires
“Balance” Theory – Cannon
“Complex Man” Theory – Schein
“Equity-Equilibrium” Theory – Adams
“Balance & Equilibrium” Theory – Barnard-Simon
“Orientation” Theory – Goldthorpe & Lockwood
“Perspective” Theory – Pullinger
“Cognitive Dissonance-Balance” Theory – Festinger
Needs, Desires, Goals, Expectancy, Achievement, Success & Fulfilment
Theories (Mind + Body)
1950-1999 AD (late 20th century)
American Empire
“Needs” Theory – Murray
“Economic Man” – Money Needs – Theory – Taylor
“Social Man” – Social Needs – Theory – Mayo
“Hierachy of Needs” Theory – Maslow
“X & Y Needs” Theory – McGregor
“Erg Needs” Theory – Alderfer
“Two-Factor Needs” Theory – Herzberg
“Achievement Needs” Theory – McClelland
“Goal-Setting” Theory – Locke
“Attribution” Theory – Kelley
“Expectancy” Theory – Vroom & Lawler
Values, Vision & Holistic, Cognitive & Moral Theories (Mind + Body +
Soul)
2000 AD (Early 21st century)
American Empire & The West
“Vision” Theory – Powell
“Looking Glass” Theory – Cooley
“Personality” Theory – Jung
“Personality-Soul” Theory – Joad
“Meta-Motivation” Theory – Maslow
“Mega Motivation” Theory – Symonds
“Language Faculty” Theory – Chomsky
“Language Instinct” Theory – Pinker
“Moral Instinct” Theory – Hauser
“Mega Instinct” Theory – Symonds
GLOSSARY
INDEX
Names
Subjects
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Richard W. Symonds describes himself as “a man of many parts, most of
which don’t work – especially my ears – I am very deaf”.
Richard is aged 58, and lives in Ifield, ‘Gatwick City’ of Crawley –
England
He is a writer, after retiring as an Airport Coach Driver & Tutor – due
to the onset of deafness.
Member of Chartered Institute of Personnel Development (CIPD) & Member
of International Society For Philosophers (ISFP)
Founder Member of the Cyril Joad Society, Ifield Society, SCRAM
Campaigns & Gatwick City of Ideas (GCI)
Research Projects & Analysis: including “The Mega Instinct”, “Mega
Motivation” and Personnel & Training Projects.
Biographer : “CEM Joad (1891-1953) – A Philosopher for Humanity”
(Unpublished)
Local Editor calls him “The Man of Letters” – after having a record
amount of letters published over 20 years.
Richard Symonds can be contacted by email : richardsy5@aol.com, or his
website Gatwick City of Ideas –
poundhillnorthindependentcrawley.freeforums.org
TARGET MARKETS FOR THE BOOK
WHICH disciplines are the Book primarily aimed at ?
(a) Humanities (eg Philosophy & Religion),
(b) Social Sciences (eg Psychology, Politics & Government, Business
Management & Occupational Psychology, Employment & Training,
Self-Help/Health Psychology, Cognitive Science & Biolinguistics),
(c) Education (eg Teaching), History (eg of Ideas)
WHO will buy it ?
Academic, Educational, Corporate Training, Self-Help & International
Markets.
Universities & Libraries. Students (eg under-graduate & post-graduate
levels), Professionals, Individuals, Trainers, Directors & Managers.
WHAT makes this ‘Mega’ Book better than other books on the same subject
?
The biggest weakness of other directly-related books, like “Moral
Minds” by Marc Hauser, is that they are only rooted in biology.
THE strength of this Book – the unique selling point (USP) – is that
the Mega Instinct is not only immanent within our biology & psychology,
but also transcendent of it…which opens up new horizons.

 

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From the Joad Archives 2013 – “Australian celebrates philosopher’s life” – West Sussex County Times – August 11 2013

http://www.wscountytimes.co.uk/news/australian-celebrates-philosopher-s-life-1-5367905

 

Australian celebrates philosopher’s life

JPCT 060813 S13321192x  Richard Symonds by Amberley Station -photo by Steve Cobb

JPCT 060813 S13321192x Richard Symonds by Amberley Station -photo by Steve Cobb

An Australian has travelled more than 10,000 miles to celebrate the life and times of philosopher and previous South Downs resident CEM Joad on the 60th anniversary of his death.

The incredible journey was made a reality when Australian Greg Devine read an article published by Ifield resident, Richard Symonds, called ‘The Forgotten Christian Philosopher’ about the celebrated author, Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad.

Mr Devine read that the walk from Amberley Station to South Stoke was probably the most beautiful walk on the South Downs – a walk CEM Joad himself took many times – and so he decided to get in touch with Mr Symonds and experience the route firsthand.

On July 28-30, the Australian from Redcliffe (a bay-side town north of Brisbane) travelled to the UK with his wife and a close friend.

“Richard and I hit it off immediately, chatting all the way,” said the 56-year-old.

“He showed me the historic North Stoke church. We then proceeded to the South Stoke Farm, stopping off at St Leonard’s Church.

“Richard then pointed out the building and window at which CEM Joad sat writing many of his books.”

CEM Joad wrote and edited more than 100 books, pamphlets, articles and essays, including ‘An Old Countryside for New People’ and ‘Folly Farm’, until his death in 1953.

He most notably appeared on The Brains Trust, a BBC Radio wartime discussion programme.

“Joad’s writings speak to me of a man who searched earnestly for the truth. He’s inspired me to use language in lively and engaging ways,” said Mr Devine.

The Australian party also visited ‘Meadow Hills’ in Stedham – the former home of CEM Joad. The owners, Sarah and Martin Large, kindly welcomed the tourists.

Mr Devine said: “The garden had become overgrown but Sarah was valiantly working to restore it. She is convinced that Meadow Hills was the location of the farm and house described in Joad’s book ‘Folly Farm’.”

The 60th anniversary of CEM Joad’s death was marked at the Stedham Village Memorial Hall in April.

“The Joadian Way” – Ramblette and Exhibition 2017

 

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The Joadian Way Ramblette

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C.E.M. Joad

Described as “possibly the most beautiful short walk in the South Downs National Park”, the Joadian Way Ramblette took place the weekend before Easter – Saturday April 8 – to mark the 64th Anniversary of South Downs philosopher and writer C.E.M. Joad (1891-1953), who became famous in the wartime Brains Trust.

Starting from Amberley Station at 11am, the short walk passes through North Stoke near the South Downs Way (with its unique red Telephone Box/Information Point), and then on to South Stoke where Joad wrote many of his 100+ books in the 1940’s.

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Distance : 5.3m (8.5k) – 2 hour walk (round-trip).
Terrain : Grass footpath and track (muddy and slippery in parts). Good walking boots strongly advised. A few hills.
Where to park : Amberley Station (off the B 2139)
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Amberley Station
ROUTE
IMG_63871. Start from the Heritage Trail sign on the wall at Amberley Station, with the Amberley Working Museum opposite. This small village, called Houghton Bridge, is located on the banks of the river Arun and is home to, rather confusingly, both Amberley museum and train station.
IMG_63902. Head out of the Amberley Station and immediately cross the busy road – with care. Walk left towards Houghton Bridge [a walk right would go Amberley Village – a good walk from the station].
Don’t miss the small signpost of the Chichester-Horsham Literary Trail to the right [Ref: “West Sussex Literary Trail” by Peter Anderson & Keith McKenna – Per-Rambulations 2007].
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turnpike3. Reach the white Turnpike Toll House. just before the bridge.

Here it is best to do a little ‘imagineering’ and go back in time to 1814 – over 200 years ago. Imagine no trains, no cars and no restaurants – just boats and a bridge over the river. The only means of crossing the river was the bridge – thus the Toll House to charge for crossing it.

Houghton Bridge was built in 1813, with John Davis being the first Toll “Keeper”. He started work on April 1 1814 and received eight shillings per week.

Toll-HouseTurnpike tolls raised £70 to £80 per year. The charge of two shillings was made “for every 4-wheeled Wagon, Wain, Cart drawn by 8 horses”; two shillings for “Coach, Chariot, Landau, Berlin chaise, Curricule, Calah, Hearse or other such carriage drawn by six horses or other beasts”; and “for every drove of calves, swine, sheep or lambs sum of 10d [pence] per score”.

“For any use on a Sunday – Double Toll”.

bridgeThe bridge itself was rebuilt in 1875 by landowners which included the Duke of Norfolk (Arundel Castle) and Lord Leconfield (Petworth House).

 4. Carefully go half-way across the bridge, and cross the road at the footpath signpost on the other side. Then follow the path to the river.
IMG_65225. Follow the grass path along the river – “The Riverbank Walk”. Keep a look out for the different varieties of wildlife which frequent the River Arun throughout the year – as well as the occasional fisherman
After going over a stile, immediately turn left over another stile (by the small lock). Walk to the end of this narrow, hedged footpath which is often very muddy and slippery. Take extra care here. The road will finally be reached
6. red-tel-boxTurn right and walk up the road until a bright red telephone box is reached at North Stoke. (which has been transformed into a miniature Tourist Information Centre!). This is what it was like before the transformation by the Wiggonholt Association.
At this point, take a rest after the slow climb up the road. Look inside the telephone and do some more ‘imagineering’ – yes, it’s a small Tardis!
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There might be two horses in the field behind. They are very friendly – especially if some grass is offered to them.
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 7. At the Telephone Box/Information Point, turn right along the road by the farm.
 8. Follow the road until you reach North Stoke Farm House
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Photo by John Vigar [Hat-Tip: Janet Aidin]
and  North Stoke Church,
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St Mary’s Church, North Stoke

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Then come back the same way, and just after the red telephone box take the signposted footpath to the right.
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9. The narrow footpath brings you out on to the grand vista of the South Downs.

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Go straight across the field to the wooded area (any cows, sheep or horses therein are likely to be very curious).

10. Follow the footpath through the woods and cross over the Gurkha Bridge
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11. Keep along the path, noticing the Knobbled Tree on the left (easily missed!)
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 Continue walking until the river is reached. Turn left after the turnstile, and walk along the river towards the the white bridge
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The Bridge

South Stoke Farm and St Leonard’s Church can be seen on the other side of the Arun.

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12. Cross over the Bridge
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South Stoke Farm looking West
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Arun Valley Line looking East
 And follow the track into South Stoke Village.
13. Pass the Old Rectory and St Leonard’s Church
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St Leonard’s Church

In the cemetery, look out for “The Still Point” inscription by TS Eliot on the gravestone of John and Joanna Haggarty.

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This author came to understand a little more about “The Still Point” at the Knobbled Tree (see Point 11.).
Walk on to the Chapel Barn and South Stoke Farm [from where CEM Joad wrote many of his 100+ books, and is the farm in his posthumous work of fiction “Folly Farm”].
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Chapel Barn
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South Stoke Farm
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Lambing Season on this busy working farm
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C.E.M. Joad (working in South Stoke Farm in 1943 – Candle-holder still used for Village events)
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Photo Postcard taken by Chris Clarke [looking from the South-West towards the North-East] – South Stoke Farm and Chapel Barn to the left, and St Leonard’s Church to the right.
14. Return to Amberley Station/Houghton Bridge by walking back to North Stoke. At its Telephone Box/Information Point turn right, then keep walking along the road running parallel with the railway line towards the station.
15. Pass the Chalkpit tunnel (from where scenes of the James Bond film “A View to a Kill” were shot – starring Roger Moore and Grace Jones)
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Pass the Old School House to the right
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and the Old Cannon to the left (down by the river)
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until the Bridge Inn is reached [made famous by Hilaire Belloc’s “The Four Men”]
The Joadian Way Ramblette ends here.
Time for lunch – either at The Bridge Inn or Riverside Restaurant. Excellent food and service.
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There is a Joad Archive Research Collection at West Sussex Record Office in Chichester and the Arundel Museum – with a special Display from April 7th to April 14th.
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Photograph by Arundel Museum’s Pauline Carder

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Text link to make PayPal donations to Richard Symonds

Thank you

The Joadian Way – ‘Walk the Walk’ -Three Reasons Why – Richard W. Symonds

younger-joad
C.E.M. Joad [1891-1953]
The Joadian Way – ‘Walk the Walk’ – Three Reasons Why Richard W. Symonds
1. To promote the Joadian Way, which can be enjoyed for the present generation, and generations to come.
2. To remember a forgotten 20th century writer who believed “philosophy should not be a mere academic speciality but a power in everyday life” (Dr Geoffrey Thomas – co-writer in the forthcoming book “The People’s Philosopher”)
3. To highlight a little-known theory Joad formulated towards the end of his life – a greater understanding of which, I believe, will be a critical pre-condition of humanity’s survival in the 21st century.

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